Blues and rock executive Phil Chess dead at 95

Phil Chess: 1921-2016
Phil Chess: 1921-2016 (Image credit: Getty)

Pioneering blues and rock executive Phil Chess has died aged 95.

His nephew Craig Glicken confirmed the news to the Chicago Sun-Times (via Rolling Stone), saying that Chess had passed away at home in Tucson, Arizona, and that he had been in good health.

Chess was born Fiszel Czyz in Poland in 1921 and immigrated with his family to Chicago in 1928. He co-founded Chess Records with his brother Leonard in 1950 after a stint in the army – a label that would go on to help artists including Chuck Berry, Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf, Etta James, John Lee Hooker and Willie Dixon

The label which specialised in ‘race music’ also signed Bo Diddley, Sonny Boy Williamson and Buddy Guy, with the pair also producing many of their artists’ records.

Guy tells the Chicago Sun-Times: “Phil and Leonard Chess were cuttin’ the type of music nobody else was paying attention to – Muddy, Howlin’ Wolf, Little Walter, Sonny Boy, Jimmy Rogers, I could go on and on – and now you can take a walk down State Street today and see a portrait of Muddy that’s 10 stories tall.

“The Chess Brothers had a lot to do with that. They started Chess Records and made Chicago what it is today, the blues capital of the world. I’ll always be grateful for that.”

The Chess label released Muddy Waters’ song Rolling Stone in 1950 – which inspired Mick Jagger and co to name their band after the track.

The Rolling Stones’ song 2120 South Michigan Avenue was named after the address of Chess Records. It appeared on the UK outfit’s 1964 EP Five By Five.

The brothers were inducted into the Blues Hall Of Fame in 1995.

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Scott has spent more than 30 years in newspapers and magazines as an editor, production editor, sub-editor, designer, writer and reviewer. After initially joining our news desk in the summer of 2014, he moved to the e-commerce team full-time in 2020. He maintains Louder’s buyer’s guides, scouts out the best deals for music fans and reviews headphones, speakers, books and more. He's written more than 11,000 articles across Louder, Classic Rock, Metal Hammer and Prog and has previous written for publications including IGN, the Sunday Mirror, Daily Record and The Herald covering everything from daily news and weekly features, to video games, travel and whisky. Scott grew up listening to rock and prog, cutting his teeth on bands such as Marillion and Magnum before his focus shifted to alternative and post-punk in the late 80s. His favourite bands are Fields Of The Nephilim, The Cure, New Model Army, All About Eve, The Mission, Ned's Atomic Dustbin and Drab Majesty, but he also still has a deep love of Rush.