Tesla: the musical miracle of Five Man Acoustical Jam

Rock band Tesla in the late 1980s
Tesla: the band behind the Unplugged era (Image credit: Paul Natkin\/Getty Images)

It was the biggest hit of Tesla’s career, a live acoustic album that sold more than a million in America, and yielded a Top 10 single with a cover of a great old song from the early 70s; an album that was praised, from on high, by Jimmy Page.

“The funny thing about Five Man Acoustical Jam,” says Tesla’s bassist Brian Wheat, “is that it was really kind of an accident.” And funniest of all was what the band’s co-manager Peter Mensch told them to get the ball rolling. “You’d have to be really great musicians to pull this off,” Mensch said, “and you’re probably not good enough…” As Wheat says now: “Peter was challenging us. And thank God he did.”

The happy accident of Five Man Acoustical Jam was the result of a number of small things falling into place. In the late 80s, the band, from Sacramento, California, had made a flying start. Their debut album Mechanical Resonance – ballsy, all-American hard rock – had gone platinum. 

They had toured in arenas, opening for Poison, David Lee Roth and Def Leppard; the latter also managed by Peter Mensch and Cliff Burnstein’s company Q Prime. And in the summer of 1990, following a second platinum album, The Great Radio Controversy, Tesla were booked on another huge tour as support to Motley Crue. The problem for the young band was that they were still heavily in debt to their record company, Geffen.

“Motley Crue were playing three days a week,” Wheat says, “but we couldn’t afford too many days off. On a purely economic level, we needed to fill those days.”

Mensch offered a solution. In early 1990, Tesla had performed at the Bammys – the California Bay Area’s answer to the Grammys – at which they played an acoustic version of the ballad Love Song, a Top 10 hit in the US. A few days later, Mensch received a letter from the owner of a club in San Francisco, named Slim’s, asking if Tesla would do an acoustic show there. When Mensch put the suggestion to the band, it was not, Wheat recalls, well received. “Fuck no!” they said. “We’re a hard rock band, man!”

Tesla: Five Man Acoustical Jam cover art

The cover of Tesla’s Five Man Acoustical Jam (Image credit: UMG)

Mensch’s response was a classic piece of reverse psychology. “When he said we were not talented enough, we were like, ‘Fuck you!’,” says Wheat. “But what he was really saying was: ‘You don’t think you can do this. I know you can.’ At the time we thought he was fucking with us, but he knew what he was doing. He had a great way of motivating you.”

The band knew that their music could translate to the acoustic format. The reaction to their performance of Love Song at the Bammys was proof of that. There were also times, during tours, when three members of Tesla – guitarists Frank Hannon and Tommy Skeoch, and singer Jeff Keith – would go to radio stations and play acoustic versions of various songs, including Signs, a 1971 hit for Canadian group Five Man Electrical Band. Equally, as Wheat now says, “We always had acoustic guitars in our music.” This was true of two key songs on Mechanical Resonance – the Led Zeppelin-influenced Modern Day Cowboy, and a cover of Little Suzi, originally recorded in 1981 by brief-lived British pop act PhD. Likewise, both Love Song and The Way It Is from The Great Radio Controversy.

What the band didn’t fancy – as made plain to Mensch – was doing a whole acoustic show. “That idea just didn’t feel very rock’n’roll,” Wheat says. “But still, we put together this 90-minute acoustic set – partly to spite Peter. And we took to it like a fish to water. It ended up sounding so good that we booked these half dozen shows.”

The first two, at Slim’s in San Francisco, were scheduled just before the Mötley Crüe tour began. The band rehearsed for three days on a setlist that mixed original songs with a selection of covers chosen by each of the five members. Jeff Keith picked Signs, a protest song in which the hippie protagonist sticks it to The Man. In the original version, the chorus read: ‘Sign, sign, everywhere a sign/Blockin’ out the scenery/Breakin’ my mind.’ Tesla changed it to ‘Fuckin’ up the scenery’. “That,” Wheat laughs, “was us being rebellious.”

Frank Hannon picked The Grateful Dead’s Truckin’, which was incorporated into a slow boogie rendition of the band’s own Cumin’ Atcha Live. Tommy Skeoch chose the Rolling Stones’ ode to pill-poppers, Mother’s Little Helper. Drummer Troy Luccketta chose a song about the town in California where he was born, Lodi, by Creedence Clearwater Revival. For Wheat, it had to be a number by his favourite band, The Beatles. He picked We Can Work It Out. There was also, Wheat says, a Beatles influence applied to one of the band’s own songs: a new arrangement of Paradise, simplified in the style of Golden Slumbers from Abbey Road.

It was Wheat who suggested to Mensch that one of the six shows should be recorded and filmed. “I wasn’t thinking about an album,” he says. “I just thought we should record one for the archives. So we looked at what fit the schedule, and it was Philadelphia on July 2.” 

In hindsight, Wheat wishes they had been able to record their very first acoustic show, the opening night at Slim’s. It was, he says, “the best of the six”. Better, certainly, than the second night in that place, where all the band were, by Wheat’s admission, “fucking drunk”. And better, in his opinion, than the Philadelphia show, which was squeezed in between Motley Crue gigs in New York state and Pennsylvania.

“The venue in Philly was the Trocadero,” Wheat says. “A little theatre club, kind of rundown. Not a real nice place, and not very big. Maybe held a thousand people. The audience was great, but the actual performance was the least tight of all those shows. In fact, we all felt that show was the worst of the bunch.” It was only later, when they listened back to the recording, that they realised what they had. What was captured on tape that night in Philly had, in Wheat’s words, “an incredible vibe to it”.

Those tapes lay untouched for two months until Cliff Burnstein got a call from rock radio station WAAF in Boston, telling him that Tesla’s acoustic performance of Signs, recorded live to air at the station, had become one of the top five most requested songs among WAAF listeners. Once Burnstein had relayed the news to Geffen, the label gave the green light for a live EP to be made from the Philadelphia tapes. But when the band played them again, they had a different idea. “It sounded so cool,” Wheat says. “Not technically brilliant, but it had this energy and rawness. So we thought, let’s mix the whole show and make it a full album.”

Opinion within the band was divided. “Jeff and I were into it,” Wheat says. “Tommy and Frank said it didn’t sound good. But I said, ‘It sounds as good as Aerosmith’s Live! Bootleg, and we all love that.’ So that was kind of the clincher.”

There was an instruction from Geffen to clean up the recordings: to add a little polish with overdubs, as was the case with successful live rock albums such as Thin Lizzy’s Live And Dangerous. This request was rejected flat out.

“They asked if we could fix some vocals,” Wheat says. “But we said no. It’s not a live album if you do that.”

In the end, the only additional recording that went into the album was by Brian Wheat himself. “There was a problem with the bass,” he explains. “When we recorded that show, the bass didn’t track for some reason. So when we were mixing, I grabbed my Hofner, which is what I played that night, and I said, ‘I’ll do this one time. You roll the tape, we’re not stopping and punching in – I’m gonna play it like a live performance in one swoop.’ I had a couple of drinks, they rolled the tape and I played right through and said, ‘There’s your bass track. Bang.’”

With that it was complete – the album that Tesla named in honour of the Five Man Electrical Band, and which, by accident more than design, gave them their greatest success. Released on November 13, 1990, Five Man Acoustical Jam would eventually reach Number 12 on the US chart in 1991. An edited version of Signs – minus the swearing – hit the Top 10. “A lot of people thought it was our song,” Wheat says. “Some still do.”

The success of this album and single was not entirely without precedent. Many other rock groups before Tesla had hits with acoustic songs, such as Poison with Every Rose Has Its Thorn, and Guns N’ Roses with Patience. But at a time when MTV Unplugged was still in its infancy – years before Nirvana and Alice In Chains had hit Unplugged albums – Tesla did it without the power of MTV’s branding. Wheat laughs off the notion that his band were, in this sense, pioneers.

“I’ve had people tell me that we started that whole thing,” he says. “But MTV Unplugged was already going before Five Man Acoustical Jam. So really, we didn’t start shit.”

He does, however, speak with great pride about a conversation he had with Jimmy Page just after the album was released.

“It was the first time I met him,” Wheat says. “A big deal for me, as I’m a huge Led Zeppelin fan. He said, ‘I love your acoustic album.’ I went, ‘Man, I didn’t think you knew who I was!’ And he told me, ‘You didn’t make the first acoustic album, but you made the first acoustic live album.’ When Jimmy Page deemed it cool – the guy that wrote so many great acoustic songs, especially on Led Zeppelin III – that was about as big a compliment as one could get, you know?”


Tesla in their 1980s heyday (Image credit: Paul Natkin/Getty Images)

For Wheat, it’s the energy in the band’s performance that really elevated the album; an energy that is also apparent in the accompanying video, Five Man Video Band. “You see us sitting on those bar stools,” he says, “and we’re all pretty fidgety. It wasn’t like we were all stoned and just sitting there. We’re really bouncing around. And part of that is nervous energy, because when you’re playing acoustic, whatever you play has got to count. You don’t have the luxury of a big-ass Marshall stack at the back of you with a bunch of distortion. You’re kind of out there naked.”

What that album also proved, in its raw state, was that Tesla were one of the great American rock bands of that era. The best of the band’s original songs – Modern Day Cowboy, The Way It Is, Love Song – had the same classic feel as the old hits they played. And Jeff Keith sang them all brilliantly, no more so than in the intro to Gettin’ Better.

“In the late eighties/early nineties there were a lot of image-driven bands,” Wheat says. “Bands that had a lot of hairspray. People tend to throw Tesla into that bag but we weren’t like that. For one thing, we weren’t very good-looking guys! What I’m most proud of about that acoustic record is that it set us apart from those image bands. People realised, hey, these guys can play!”

Looking back on Five Man Acoustical Jam, Brian Wheat has only one regret. “We should have done a Zeppelin song.” Other than that, this happy accident, in its ragged glory, turned out pretty much perfect. “We didn’t set out to make this big statement,” he says, “but that record had something to it, a charm, that connected with people. It was such a cool thing to do, and it became this classic acoustic album.”

Paul Elliott

Freelance writer for Classic Rock since 2005, Paul Elliott has worked for leading music titles since 1985, including Sounds, Kerrang!, MOJO and Q. He is the author of several books including the first biography of Guns N’ Roses and the autobiography of bodyguard-to-the-stars Danny Francis. He has written liner notes for classic album reissues by artists such as Def Leppard, Thin Lizzy and Kiss, and currently works as content editor for Total Guitar. He lives in Bath - of which David Coverdale recently said: “How very Roman of you!”